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Census of Contrabands in Beaufort, SC, March 1, 1862, Slaveholders Listed

 

Hilton Head Frank Leslie Famous Leaders and Battle Scenes of the Civil War (New York, NY- Mrs. Frank Leslie, 1896)

Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal forces under General Sherman, 1861-2.1

 

The lists below, made in March of 1862, record the names of contrabands in the Union Army camp at Beaufort, SC. The records are part of the collection “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” available at FamilySearch.

This document was transcribed by Alana Thevenet.

What Is a Contraband?

Previously enslaved people who sought asylum with Union forces were referred to as contrabands. Major General Benjamin Butler, who was stationed at Fort Monroe in Hampton Roads, VA, made a decision that grew into a turning point in the Civil War when he refused to return three escaped enslaved men who sought refuge at Fort Monroe to Confederate forces, reasoning that as property, these men were “contraband of war.” You can read more about contrabands here

List of Contrabands Under the Immediate Charge of Capt C.E. Fuller A.Q.M.2

This list contains 331 names. You may choose how many names to display per page.

NamesChildrenAgeOwners Name
Females
Milly250A. Chisholm
Rachel535Seabrook
Coe440S. Barnwell
Charlotte124Mr. Pinckney
Betsey340Mr. Adams
Silva16do.
Elsy240do.
Beckie16Webb
Phoebe130Dr. Fuller
Tira16W. Fripp
Patty12Mr. Porter
Lizzie328Webb
Haggie12do.
Mary846do.
Phoebe60R. Chisholm
Sukie340do.
Grace226do.
Chrisby12do.
Mary16do.
Daphney20do.
Liddy22Sams
Milly248R. Chisholm
Sarah220Chaplin
Grace40R. Chisholm
Mary428do.
Minna429do.
Parry30do.
Fanny224do.
Silva140do.
Marian22do.
Patience122do.
Annie20do.
Susie436do.
Sue329do.
Mary223do.
Cornelia20do.
Bina141do.
Nanny53Potter
Hagar330do.
Peggy440do.
Milly230do.
Di25do.
Sue20do.
Elsie150do.
Mary235do.
Cumba16do.
Maria445R. Barnwell
Annie52do.
Susanna525do.
Sivy15do.
Lucy14R. Barnwell
Peggy18do.
Civy224do.
Grace340do.
Beckie23do.
Hannah325Y. Cuthbert
Peg120do.
Judy526Potter
Claranda50Barnwell
Sally24J. Cuthbert
Hagar122do.
Hagar226do.
Amy336Pal. Chisholm
Hannah41do.
Lucy64do.
Silva225do.
Bess40J.P. Mew
Mary224Wm Fripp
Lusetta326do.
Flora23do.
Chloe30do.
Moll240do.
Tina50James Pearadon
Tina21Wm Fripp
Patty126John D. Warren
Diana25do.
Juliana37H. Fuller
Susanna26H. Fuller
Venus124Hy. Heyward
Silva339W. Adams
Rachel430do.
Maria226do.
Claranda340do.
Becca20do.
Sina18do.
Molly60do.
Polly330do.
Julia16do.
Claudia38do.
Phoebe326do.
Daphney119do.
Betsey14do.
Hugar120Alex Chisholm
Jane119do.
Dinah332do.
Rebecca667R. Chisholm
Rebecca17do.
Flora30do.
Crecia120do.
Ellen19do.
Julia14do.
Lucia121F. Capers
Daphnay258W. Jenkins
Sinda20do.
Mary15W. Jenkins
Ella744do.
Susanna40do.
Rose19do.
Tira41do.
Harriett61do.
Rose19do.
Eliza21do.
Kitty130do.
Belina445do.
Sarah122do.
Tina123do.
Charlotte158do.
Dido132do.
Chloe124do.
Celia240do.
Lizzie20do.
Peggy341Mr. Webb
Di124do.
Susie70do.
Jema18do.
Jane16do.
Margaret228Dr. Wordell
Lizzy346do.
Sue16do.
Nancy121E. Cuthbert
Rachel19do.
Win61Mr. Mills
Peggy72Dr. Jenkins
Siddy127do.
Ellen229do.
Patience52P. Hamilton
Juba50do.
Judy21do.
Molly78do.
Affie20do.
Jemima19do.
Milly142do.
Flora120Wm Fripp
Patta331do.
Bess61do.
Ami121do.
Lavinia135Thomas Rhodes
Diana41Mr. Adams
Manda23R.R. Sams
Chloe25Mr. Richards
Hannah548Mr. J. Webb
EllenGrand 281Dr. Howzeal
Grace78R. Chisholm
Dorcas61H. Talbott
Hester326Mr. Ellis
Sarah222Geo. Bluffton
Betsey222do.
Affie29do.
Patience19Tho Cuthbert
Phoebe328Mr. Rivers
Maria30Capt McRay
Males
George20G. Barnwell
Bob20F. Fuller
Thomas20do.
Francis28Fenars
Jack17R. Chisholm
John636Dr. Jenkins
Frank46R. Barnwell
Cornelius28F. Tabot
Sam70Mrs. B. Chaplin
Tom26J. Chaplin
Daniel38Mr. Rhodes
John25Mr. Yates
Jim24R. Barnwell
Jonas45Dr. M. Sands
John22Y. Chaplin
Sam25R. Barnwell
Thomas25J. Chaplin
Nero25R. Chisholm
Solomon42White Gregory
Chance30F. Capers
Sam25Pinckney
Sam26R. Chisholm
William40Palo. Chisholm
Abraham40W. Seabrook
Jim17do.
August14Hamilton
Domas28R. Chisholm
John40do.
Abe50do.
Flanders70do.
Bradford30J. Webb
Isaac40D. Wordlee
Edward21R. Chisholm
Jebus42do.
Ben40W. Adams
Robert30A. Chisholm
Charlie24Webb
Robert23Dr. Warren
Joe25R. Chisholm
Robert21W. Fripp
Anthony20MacRay
Jim16do.
Sam25R. Chisholm
Sam22R. Reynolds
Kitt23R. Barnwell
Oliver20W. Fripp
Daniel60do.
William38R. Chisholm
Kitt20Webb
Thomas40R. Bowles
Esop18McCarrios
Bristol30J. Fripps
Dick21Dr. Croft
Will40R. Chisholm
Phillip40do.
John20R. Fuller
Jeff40R. Chisholm
John20do.
Primus40do.
Isaac29do.
Alex15do.
Bristol15C. Dessie
Paris16Col. Hamilton
Jim60R. Chisholm
Cuffee40W. Adams
Smart40Capers
Nero39Dr. Garnett
Govner18P. Sams
Jim27Fripp
Pompey30do.
Cato22R. Fuller
Cato36F. Yates
Jupiter21E. Barnwell
Dick40R. Barnwell
Brass30A. Chisholm
Jim44E. Fripp
Sam40J.L. Chaplin
William50W. Potter
William40W. Cuthbert
Edward41Dr. Jenkins
Frederic53W. Fripp
Achilles70Mr. Morcock
George30do.
Jupiter25Jenkins
Charles19Tom Cuthbert
Jonas24do.
Josh24J.D. Warren
Simon21W. Fripp
Isaac24W.J. Chaplin
Parry44J.H. Webb
George60J.J. Smith
Mingo24J. Chaplin
Centry235Yates
Isaac60W. Potter
Will22H. Steward
Jonas18Mike Jenkins
Sirus23do.
Daniel20do.
Abner29Mike Jenkins
Charles26do.
Cuffy61R. Barnwell
David25S. Elliott
Billy44J. Webb
Tom70W.H. Heyward
Dick48Mr. Jenkins
Sirus60do.
Columbus50do.
Isaac30B. Byford
Bacchus30J.D. Warren
Adam31do.
Jimmy65Mr. Jenkins
Dick28W.J. Fripp
Charles30Mary Perry
Prince77Dr. Jurner
Billy20Joseph Eding
Tom45D. Eustace
Thomas24F. Fair
Peter27J. Wells
Frederick24F. Talbot
Joe22do.
Toby25Potter
Samuel20J. Talbot
Carolina22do.
Billy21do.
John39do.
Taff27S. Chisholm
Juliana70Wm Fripp
Albert21W.P. Fripp
Jim26Dr. Dessis
Joe18Sarah Sams
Sam21do.
Simon22R. Chisholm
Peter23do.
Sam25S. Chaplin
Renty26J. Fripp
Joshua30F. Fuller
Isaac60J. Cuthbert
Joe25do.
Billy26do.
Samuel30do.
Rafe60Mr. Perryelear
Billy21J.F. Chaplin
Sam20R. Chisholm
James18do.
Abraham29P. Hamilton
Joe26Dr. Dessis
Brown50J. Mesi
Juby40W.H. Cuthbert
Prince68Rivers
David50Potter
Hector30do.
Collin38do.
Peter58Mike Jenkins
John19J. Chaplin
William16do.
Primas57J. Cuthbert
Sam17do.
Abraham19R. Chisholm
Smart61do.
Simon40Geo Cuthbert
Peter40do.
Cato21Dr. J. Johnson
Daniel24Mr. Mills
Joe31Tom Cuthbert
Edward19A. Barnwell
Quash21Geo McRay
Limas50Mike Ireland
Hamilton20

 

Contrabands Variously Employed3

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
DickMale23J. FrippBrig Gen Stevens
Henry "22Dr. Jenkins "
Joe "36do. "Waiter
Sampson "32Wm Fripp "Hostler
HenrietteFemale23Dr. Jenkins "Cook
Suckey "30J.J. Smith "Housemaid
CreciaFemale24J.J. SmithBrig Gen StevensCook
GeorgeMale25Lieut Porter's OrderliesCook
Sam "67Wm ChaplinCapt WarfieldHostler
OlpobaFemale60do. " "Cook
Silva "50Wm. AdamsAdams Exp Office "
JoeMale22R. Chisholm " " "Waiter
BinaFemale12Wm Webb " " " "
Caroline "12J. JolbottMr Allens Store
ArchieMale11John Verdin " "
Simon "20E.W. WescottMr. Robinson's StoreWaiter
Ben "20Dr. J. Johnson " " " "
MollyFemale37P. ChaplinCapt W. SillyCook
WilliamMale20B. ChaplinCapt C.E. Fuller AQMWaiter
Gabriel "30B. Chaplin " " " "
Jeff "42Mary L. Jenkins " " "Cook
Moses "32Dr Gibbs " " " "
JuliaFemale16Dr. Jenkins " " "Housemaid
Phoebe "22W. Barnwell " " " "
SandersMale22Mr E. Barnwell " " "Hostler
Monday "42Mr RiversCapt W. FullerBoat hand
Isaac "35do. " "
Jacob "30Wm Adams " "
Abraham "45do. " "
Toby "36Dr. JenkinsRes Dr. PeckHouse servant
JudyFemale30do. " "

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in and Around the Camp of the 50th Regt Pa Vols4

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
Fortune ChisholmMale26Mr ChisholmCol. ChristGroom
Joseph Fripp "40Wm Fripp JunrHospitalServant
Moody Pinckney "40Dr. H.M. FullerLieut Jones 2 Md ACSCook
Backus Phoenix "26Colonel AllenCapt HermanCook
Robert Fripp "21Wm Fripp SenrCapt Bolenius "
Isreal Rose "25Dr. A.B. RoseCapt Parker "
Charles Fripp "40Wash. FrippLieut CleavelandWaiter
Edward "14Thos CuthbertLieut Huntzenzer "
Martha BarnwellFemale70Robt BarnwellLt Col BoenholtsCook
Susan Chaplin "18J. ChaplinAct Surg VickarsServant
Cecilia Linnon "19Dr. A.B. RoseLieut Jones 3 Md ACSWaiter
Delia Myers "23Mr McMillanCapt Parker "

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in and Around the Camp of the 79th Reg N.Y. S.M.5

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
AbrahamMale52P. ChaplinLieut Martin QM
William "24Dr JenkinsUnemployed
Jackson "56do.Lieut Robertson BM
Scipio "14J.B. ChaplinLt Col Morrison
Scipio "24WarrenRegimental Band
Jupiter "22Miss Ann FrippAdjutant
Billy "20John ChaplinDr McDonald
January
SilvieFemale40Dr Jenkinsunemployed
Tyrra "22do. "
Leah "35Mrs Patterson "
Ellen "23Mr Campbell "
Nelly "20Mr Coffin "
Hannah "30Mr Fripp "
Rebecca "25from Ladies IsldDr McDonald
Rebecca Brion "John Chaplin "

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in and Around the Camp of the 8th Regt Mich Vols6

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
KittraMale17John FilerHospitalCleaning
Nat "22M. Chaplin "Asst Cook
Dick "22do. "Chopping Wood
Sam "17EdwardsComp BSent to Capt
Syphax "60Bolds "Sent to Lieut
Joseph "32John FrippComp HAsst Cook
Jonas "34Edw MeansField StaffServants
Parrish Miller "21Clarence KirkComp ACook
Charles "28Wm Cuthbert "Officers Servant
Gabriel "22Henry FullerComp GCook
Fred "30Dr. A.G. RoseComp COfficers Servt
Isaac "35O BarnwellComp ECook
JomyMale35A. SchinComp FCook
RosannaFemale17Math. ChaplinHospitalLaundress
Charlotte "16Fred Trayer " "
Celia "33SeabrookComp B "
Hess "20J.F. PorteusField StaffCook & Servant
Diana "14Mic Jenkins " "
Flora "55Thos Benyard " "
Hagar "25Mary DannerComp CLaundress
Hetty "30SeabrookComp E "

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in and Around the Camp of the 100th Regt Pa Vols7

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
JaneFemale20BlindierLt Col ArmstrongCook
Rosanna "35CuthbertHospitalWasherwoman
Hagar "17Dr. Garrett " "
EdwardMale40SmithCol LeasureCook
Ben "21ChaplinAdj McGreavyWaiter
Jim "25Surg Luddington "
Joe "20Clarence CookComp. ACook
Toby "38SeabrookComp. BCapt's Waiter
Jenny "35PoucherComp. CCook
Landy "40SeabrookComp. ELieut [Illegible] Waiter
See "14BarnwellComp. HCook
Hector "30James QuigleyComp. ACapt's Waiter
JusticeMale35Dr. FullerComp. JCook
Charley "16EdwardsComp. HL Ross' Waiter
June "24Dr. CapersComp. MCook
Frank "21Dr. RoseComp. DCapt Servant

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in and Around the Camp of the 2d Battalion 1st Reg Mass Cav8

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
Ben PotterMaleHenry T. PotterOff Mess Co HCook
Thomas Rhett "Thom. Rhett " "

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in and Around the Provost Marshall’s Office9

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
JoeMale39Robt ChisholmPrison DeptSteward
Jupiter "23Edw BarnwellHouseGen Asst
Boeny "19Alex ChisholmCook for Prisoners
KateFemale65Jno S. FilerServant
Maria "21do.Asst Cook

 

Contraband Negroes Employed in Captain Rockwell’s Co. 1st Conn Battery10

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
CharlesMale17John TalbottOfficer's Cook
CaptainMale18Dr. J. JohnsonComp Cook
John "18Dr. J. JohnsonComp "
John "20Jonas FrippOff. Servant
CorneliaFemale20Robt ChisholmHospitalNurse

 

Contraband Negroes in the Employ of the 2d Brigade EC11

NameSexAgeOwners NameWhere employedOccupation
FrederickMale25Franklin TolbertOn Shell RoadBuilding Fort
Isaac "17Capt B. Byfort " "
Joe "22J.F. Chaplin " "
Joe "18Sarah Sams " "
Sam "21do. " "
Monday "24Thomas Coffin " "
Phoenix "22do. " "
Will "24do. " "
Titus "22do. " "
Tiny "22do. " "
Prince "20Wm Fripp " "
Joe "23Thos Cuthbert " "
Toby "25Wm T. Potter " "
Paul "20J.F. Chaplin " "
Jeffry "40Rob Chism " "
Tom "20Allen Stuart " "
Tom "45W.J. Bull " "
Sykess "46Alx Chism " "
EdwardMale20R. BarnwellShell RoadBuilding Fort
Adam "28D.J. Fuller " "
Dick "55B. Fuller " "
William "20J.E. Talbott " "
Carolina "21Frank Talbort " "
Hector "20J.R. Porteus " "
Samuel "19Frank Talbort " "
Joseph "22do. " "
Banty "26Capt J. Fripp " "
Charles "30M. Jenkins " "
Graham "18Pet Nabnett " "
Bristol "30Js. Fripp " "
John "21Jno Pope " "
Oliver "20W. Fripp Sn " "
Adam "20Rich Reynolds " "
Abraham "20M.F. Jenkins " "
Kit "23Rob Barnwell " "
Isaac "19Rob Osnold " "
Paris "22John J. Chaplin " "
Peter "19Alex Chism " "
David "25Step Elliott " "
Wils "22Hy Stewart " "

 

List of Negroes Registered at the Office of the Provost Marshall12

NamesSexSizeAgeResidenceOwner's NamesChar'r of Owner
JamesMale4'4"13CoosawRobt ChisholmDisloyal
Frank "5'10"46 " " "
RebeccaFemale5'1"46 " " "
Rickie "5'3"22 " " "
Flora "3'9 " " "
Mary Ann "4'13 " " "
HenryMale3'3"9 " " "
Alpro "3'8"14 " " "
Mitchel "4'3"15 " " "
RinaFemale5'37 " " "
MikeMale5'4"40Rhodes PlanThos Rhodes "
Mark "5'6"45D. Wright "D. Wright "
Zebia "5'4"30Muck IslandWm Henry "
TomMale5'5"70 " " "
Daniel "5'7"39Oak HillThos Rhodes "
Jas "5'7"40 " " "
LavinaFemale5'4"30 " " "
Zelia "5'3"37Indian landH.m. Fuller "
AugustMale5'5"19Canes NeckP. Hamilton "
Jeffrey "5'6"35ChetawR. Chisholm "
William "5'11"39Canes NeckP. Chisholm "
Thomas "5'8"40ChetawH. Rhett "
Jonas "5'6"40St Helena IldMel. Sams "
John "5'7"21 "N.F. Chapman "
SarahFemale5'22Walnut HillR. Habersham "

Suggestions for Further Research

If you find an ancestor’s name among these lists, there are several avenues of research you can pursue next. Here are some starting points:

 

  • Search Freedmen’s Bureau records to see if your ancestors had further interactions with the U.S. military or the Freedmen’s Bureau. You can start at www.discoverfreedmen.org to search for your ancestor’s name. 

 

 

  • Search for your ancestor in the 1870 and 1880 U.S. Census. Note their location in relation to the slaveholder – did they return to their pre-1862 homes, or choose to live in an entirely different location?

 

  • Research the slaveholder in the U.S. Census Slave Schedules. Note the age of your ancestor in the 1862 list, then search the 1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules for the name of the slaveholder, to verify that they held an enslaved person of the gender and age that would match your ancestor’s age in 1860.

 

  • Research the slaveholder’s genealogy to identify other slaveholding family members. In most cases you need not start from scratch, you may find family trees on Ancestry.com or FamilySearch.org that have been posted by descendants. Do be sure to conduct your own research to verify the family relationships in any family tree you find.

 

  • If your ancestors were adults in 1862, search for probate records for the parents of the final slaveholder in the list transcribed here, to see if your ancestors are mentioned in wills, estate inventories or estate accounts. South Carolina probate records and Georgia probate records are searchable on Ancestry.com.

 

References Cited

 

[1] Frank Leslie Famous Leaders and Battle Scenes of the Civil War (New York, NY: Mrs. Frank Leslie, 1896)

[2] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK9L-L?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 477 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[3] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK9F-R?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 489 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[4] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MKS1-W?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 491 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[5] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MKS1-W?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 491 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[6] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK9W-T?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 492 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[7] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK9D-Z?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 493 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[8] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK92-G?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 494 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[9] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK92-G?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 494 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[10] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK92-G?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 494 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[11] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK9H-T?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 495 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

[12] “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-MK96-4?cc=1845948&wc=M6KL-T38%3A165419801%2C165440901 : 22 May 2014), Records by Number and Date > 00821-01078, Mar.-Apr. 1862 > image 497 of 1211; citing NARA microfilm publication M416 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

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